Photography as a Career & Types of Photography

Photography Career in India | Types of Photography | Career options

Ace Fashion photographer Praveen Bhat explains different photography options that one can choose as a career in the below video.

Here is the complete list of Photography:

  1. Fashion Photography

    1 fashion

  2. Event Photography

    2 event

  3. Automobiles Photography

    3 automobile

  4. Industrial Photography

    4 industrial

  5. Photojournalist

    5 photojourn

  6. Product Photography

    6 product

  7. Wildlife Photography

    7 wild life

  8. Sports Photography

    8 sports

  9. Wedding Photography

    9 wedding photoraphy

Invest in the right lens for your camera

A lens captures more than what we can imagine and for a good quality image, it is important to invest in the high quality lens. If you already own a decent body, invest in great optics for higher resolution and clarity of content.

The biggest trouble lies in deciding which DSLR to buy for your various photography needs. From Nikkon to Cannon, Sigma, Tamron etc gives you a perfect photograph but what matters is the quality of lens and focus. Here’s a glimpse of using right lenses for different photography types:

Portrait: In Portrait shots, there is a need of sharp focus and mid range focal lengths with large apertures.. A focal length starting from 50mm to 150mm are ideal for portrait photography.


You can either buy fixed focal length lenses such as 50mm, 85mm, 135mm or zoom lenses such as 24mm-70mm, 24mm-105mm, 18mm, 105mm, and 70mm – 200mm. Fixed focal length lenses gives an edge thereby resulting in sharp images with pleasing bokehs, however, zoom lenses provide more flexibility and enables you to take better pictures.

Landscape: The most popular yet tricky photography because it requires you to capture panorama, therefore a wide angle lens suits this. A focal length starting from 8mm to anywhere around 35mm would be ideal for landscape photography.


You can consider lenses having 8mm-15mm, 10mm-22mm, 16mm-35mm, 17mm-40mm focal lengths. For landscape photography, it is also important to have different filters such as UV, Polarizing, Neutral Density, and Graduated Neutral Density to add effect at optical level. Fish-Eye lens are quite a rage for shooting creative landscape images, but they cannot be used always.

Wedding: The most difficult yet engaging photography where it is important to capture different moods, emotions, occasions, food, couture and much more. The lighting levels drop down as weddings usually take place after sunset or in closed halls. Apart from using studio lighting and flash, it is very important to choose best suited lens. A 70mm-200mm with F/2.8 is considered to be one of the best wedding lenses. A large aperture helps in low light photography and large aperture combines with long focal length to give outstanding bokeh effects. You can capture natural expression using this lens.


However, a second lens such as 24mm – 70mm will help you capture a group of people in one frame.

Wildlife: This is the actual exam for any lens. You need the largest possible focal length (as the animal can be far), largest possible aperture (as the lighting condition can vary randomly in forest and fast shutter speeds can be frequent requirement), best image stabilizers (so that you can take stable handheld shots) and lightest possible weight (so that you can hand hold lens for longer duration). Optimization is the key to have beautiful wildlife shots. Any lens from 300mm and above works perfectly for wild life photography. Image stabilization secures the second most important factor for Wildlife Photography.


You can either buy prime lenses (300mm, 400mm, 500mm, and 600mm) or zoom lenses (100mm-400mm, 80mm-400mm, 150mm-500mm). The zoom lenses provide enough flexibility to capture wide shots, but the image quality from a prime lens is unparalleled. Moreover, prime lens have larger apertures than zoom lens but they are quite expensive.

Sports: Pre-requisite for Sports Photography is similar to that of Wildlife Photography since the conditions are similar. However, there is a benefit that you may fix a position so can use a tripod. The requirement of lens is same as that of Wildlife.


Night/Low Light: The basic need for night or low light photography is larger aperture. Any lens with aperture equal to or larger than f/2.8 would be considered good for this purpose. The best and cheapest lens for this purpose is 50mm f/1.8.


Fashion: Fashion Photography needs professional grade lenses as the images may be used for commercial purposes. Therefore, a standard zoom lens with focal length ranging from 18mm to 200mm (preferably from 50mm to 150mm) and large aperture would be a perfect match. Some of the best options could be 24mm-70mm, 24mm-105mm and 70mm-200mm. A lens with image stabilizer is indeed a great idea. A prime lens may not be very helpful for shooting the ramp walk since shooting at a varying distance without enough movement is a big task. But, they can be surely given preference for shooting portraits.


Architecture: The main requirement for Architecture Photography is straight lines. Shooting from a reasonably good distance using a lens having focal length in the range of 18mm to 200mm will do a good job. Usage of special purpose lens called tilt and shift lens will be equally great. Fish-eye lens will help in shooting creative architecture images.


Beginner’s Guide to Understand Lens Structure


A camera lens is a distinguished combination of various glasses including Concave, Convex, Concavo-Convex etc. which helps to bring in the focus of image better and helps you to adjust the focus accordingly. “Aperture” enables you to function the clarity of the content and control the device.

Lens specification: It is a vital part of using the camera and functioning depends upon this factor. Here are some quick specifications mentioned for your reference:

Focal Length Range: It can either be fixed or variable which is often mentioned on the camera in “mm”. For eg: 50mm or 100-400mm. Fixed Focal Length is the one that does not change and remains constant while clicking. There is no separate zoom option available to take the image. In Variable Focal Length, maximum and minimum focal lengths are mentioned i.e you can take a picture in-between 100-400mm.


Aperture supported: This lies inside the device and comes in two variants: Fixed Aperture and Variable Aperture. For instance: a lens with focal length range of 100mm – 400mm, F4.5 – F6.3 (as mentioned on the lens) implies, the minimum F-number at 100mm is F4.5 while at 400mm, it is F6.3. The F-number range also changes when clicking an image between 100mm to 400mm focal length and would lie between F4.5 to F6.3. There are zoom lenses which have fixed aperture rating, such as 24-105mm, F4.0.

Manual/Auto Focus: The camera has these two essential functions and can be toggled between these two options while taking images. In Manual Focus, the ring has to be adjusted by hand or manually, this is particularly desirable when the auto focus is not accurate. In Auto Focus, the focus is already adjusted inside the camera and lens will automatically focus on the focus points.

Image Stabilization: This is an internal system of lens movement, which helps to avoid the hand shake error to some extent. Some lenses even give the advantage of 3 F-stops through image stabilizer. Different lens manufacturers have allotted distinguished terms for image stabilizer. Here are some of them:

  • Canon – IS – Image Stabilization
  • Nikkor/Zuiko – VR – Vibration reduction
  • Sigma – OS – Optical Stability
  • Tamron – VC – Vibration Correction

Quality of lens: Different brands also have various specifications to highlight that the lens is of higher quality. Higher quality means, the glass elements of the lenses reduces the lens imperfections, the lens is weather proof and the cost becomes higher. For e.g. Canon mentions “L” with a red ring or white construction to signify that the lens is of high quality. Similarly Nikkon lenses have “ED” mentioned to signify “Extra low Dispersion” glass mentioned inside the lens.

Filter Mount: Every lens needs filter of a specific size and this can be found on the information written at the boundary surface of the font glass. Different industrial filter sizes are 52mm, 58mm, 62mm, 77mm, 95mm, etc and mostly lenses have either of these.

Focusing Motor: Canon lenses especially highlights whether the lens has a dedicated focusing motor for instant accurate focusing. This is denoted by “USM” which stands for “Ultra Sonic Motor”.

Minimum Focusing Distance: It is generally mentioned on the lens surface in terms of feet and meters (for e.g., 0 .45m/1.5 ft) which denotes that the image in focus should be at least this much (distance mentioned) distant to allow lens to focus. Sometimes people go too close and then wonder why lens is not focusing and blame it on the lens. However, it is not a defect. You must be at least at minimum focusing distance.